DARFUR CONFLICT IN SUDAN
Years: 2003-2010 | Est. deaths: 100 000
Published prior to 2013
The Darfur conflict is an ongoing conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan, mainly between the Janjaweed, a government-supported militia recruited from local Arab tribes, and the non-Arab peoples of the region. Note that both sides are largely black in skin tone, and the distinction between "Arab" and "non-Arab" common in western media is heavily disputed by many people, including the Sudanese government. The conflict has been widely described as "ethnic cleansing", and frequently as "genocide". In September 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated 50,000 deaths in Darfur since the conflict’s beginning, mostly by starvation; in October, its head gave an estimate of 71,000 deaths by starvation and disease alone between March and October 2004. While a recent British Parliamentary Report estimates that over 300,000 people have already died (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4268733.stm), the United Nations estimates that 180,000 have died in the 18 months of the conflict  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4349063.stm). More than 1.8 million people had been displaced from their homes. 200,000 have fled to neighboring Chad. The refugees include non-Arab victims of non-Arabs, Arab victims of non-Arabs, and Arab victims of Arabs; however, the large majority are non-Arab black Africans fleeing Janjaweed attacks  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3737566.stm). The UN, prior to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, called the Darfur conflict the world’s worst current humanitarian crisis.
Source: Wikipedia | Wikipedia article | Published under the GNU Free Licence
UCDP: "The situation in Darfur has been disastrous for the population. Besides the fighting between the two rebel groups and the army, there is a government-aligned militia called Janjaweed that has been burning villages, looting and killing people in the areas inhabited by the Fur, Zaghawa, Massaleit and other groups of black African origin. This ethnic cleansing has created massive refugee flows inside Darfur and across the Chadian border."