a memorial for all wars: the Polynational War Memorial


Ethiopian Govt vs Ogadeni Rebels - WSLF/ONLF/AIAI

Years: 1976-2016
Battle deaths: 22,558 [1]
Onesided violence: 874 [2]

Nation(s) involved and/or conflict territory [note]
Ethiopia, Somalia, Cuba

Published prior to 2013 | Updated: 2023-12-31 11:26:28
"The conflict over the status of the Ogaden region in south-eastern Ethiopia has seen the active participation of a number of rebel groups with more or less diverging goals. It has also been closely entangled with the inter-state conflict between Ethiopia and Somalia, which concerned the same territory, to which the latter laid claim. The first rebel group to emerge was the Ogaden Liberation Front in 1963. Over a decade later WSLF (Western Somali Liberation Front) appeared and was subsequently followed by ONLF (Ogaden National Liberation Front) and AIAI (al-Itihad al-Islami: Islamic Union). Since 2000 ONLF is the only group still pursuing the armed conflict. The low-intensity conflict escalated in 2007 after ONLF attacked a Chinese-run oil field and fighting has remained on a relatively high level ever since. In 2010 divisions within the rebel group surfaced, as a break-away faction under Salahdin Abdulrahman Ma’ow signed a peace agreement with the government in October. In 2012 a process towards the initiation of formal negotiations between the main body of the group and the government was initiated, but soon ran into trouble, and fighting continued on a low-intensity level. " Source: Uppsala Conflict Data Program (Date of retrieval: 2013-07-27) UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia, Uppsala University


Data Sources

[1] Battle deaths: PRIO Battle Deaths Dataset v3.0 (link) (1946-88) #133 UCDP Battle-Related Deaths Dataset v. 5-2017 (link) (1989-2017) #329
Low: 10,655 High: 61,310

[2] UCDP One-sided Violence Dataset v. 1.4-2015 (1989-2014) (link) including actors: Government of Ethiopia, ONLF
Low: 874 High: 995

More about sources


NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.



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