LIST OF WARS: DETAILS
Cameroonian Govt vs UPC
Battle deaths: 60,000 Published: 2014-08-25 13:01:14 | Altered: 2014-08-25 13:09:27
The Cameroonian struggle for independence gained pace in the late 1940s, with groups such as the UPC (Union des populations camerounaises, Union of the Populations of Cameroon) agitating for a liberation from French rule. The UPC, being the more radical of the independence-seeking movements, was banned in 1955. Soon after being banned the group initiated an armed struggle against the French, leading to an extra-state conflict in 1957-59. When France granted independence to Cameroon (in 1960) power did not pass to the UPC, which thus continued to fight, now against the government of Cameroon. This intrastate armed conflict lasted from 1960-61.
Source: Uppsala Conflict Data Program (Date of retrieval: 2014-08-25) UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia, Uppsala University
SOURCES: FATALITY DATA
 Battle deaths: PRIO Battle Deaths Dataset v3.0 (link) (1946-88) ID: #158
Low: 60,000 High: 400,000
According to Prio's documentation the source for the lower number is from the Cameroonian government and the high number is the opposition's. The numbers are likely to include one-sided violence.
NOTE ON NATION DATA
NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.