a memorial for all wars: the Polynational War Memorial


Cuba vs Partido Independiente de Color

Also called: Afro-Cuban Rebellion

Years: 1911-1911
Battle deaths: 1,050 [1]

Nation(s) involved and/or conflict territory [note]
Cuba, United States

Published: 2013-07-31 23:12:55 | Updated: 2014-03-09 08:19:10
The Negro Rebellion, also known as the Little Race War, the War of 1912, or The Twelve, was an armed conflict in Cuba, between Afro-Cuban rebels on one side and the Cuban and US military on the other. It took place mainly in the eastern region of the island in 1912. The conflict involved the widespread massacre of Afro-Cubans, by the Cuban Army, and an intervention by the United States military. Both the massacre and the presence of American troops quelled the violence so the unrest and the occupation ended after only a few weeks. The Afro-Cubans’leader, Evaristo Estenoz, was killed during the rebellion, and their party, the Independent Party of Color, was dissolved.

The Afro-Cubans lost between 3,000 to 6,000 killed, both combatants and non-combatants. The results of the rebellion were disastrous; conditions in Cuba largely remained the same after 1912, except for the Independent Party of Color, which was dissolved.

Source: Wikipedia, published under the GNU FDL. Retrieved 2014-03-08

More reading:

Armed Conflict of 1912, Tulia Falleti, A political Atlas of The African Diaspora 1900-1989, Northwestern University


Notes on fatalities

[1] Battle deaths: Correlates of War, Intra-State War Data v4.1

More about sources


NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.



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