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Kivu Conflict

Years: 2006-2013
Battle deaths: 5,453 [1]
Non-state conflict, battle-deaths: 572 [3]
Onesided violence: 4,424 [2]

Nation(s) involved and/or conflict territory [note]
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda

Published prior to 2013 | Altered: 2016-04-07 12:39:24
The Kivu conflict began as an armed conflict between the military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the Hutu Power group Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) in 2004. The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo also became involved in the conflict. Until March 2009, the main combatant group against the FARDC was the rebel Tutsi forces formerly under the command of Laurent Nkunda (National Congress for the Defence of the People, CNDP).

CNDP is sympathetic to the Banyamulenge in Eastern Congo, an ethnic Tutsi group, and to the Tutsi-dominated government of Rwanda. It was opposed by the FDLR, by the DRC’s army, and by United Nations forces. (retrieved 12/12/04)

Source: Wikipedia, published under the GNU FDL. Retrieved [dat]

A new group M23 was created by defectors from FARDC. The started their campaign in 2012.

Read more

IRIN has a comprehensive article about the variuos militant groups operating in the Kivu regions.


Data Sources

[1] Battle deaths: UCDP Battle-Related Deaths Dataset v.5-2015 (link) (1989-2014) ID: #86 #179
Low: 5,112 High: 6,095

[2] UCDP One-sided Violence Dataset v 1.4-2015 (1989-2014) (link) including actors: Government of DR Congo (Zaire) , Government of Rwanda, CNDP, ADF, FDLR, Mayi Mayi, PARECO, M23, Mayi Mayi Lumumba, Raia Mutomboki, NDC, Mayi Mayi Kifuafua, Raia Mutomboki
Low: 4,367 High: 5,252

[3] UCDP Non-State Conflict Dataset UCDP Non-State Conflict Dataset v. 2.5-2015, 1989-2014 (link) including dyads: M23 vs M23-R, APCLS vs NDC, FDC vs FDDH, Raia Mutomboki - Bravo vs Raia Mutomboki - Makombo, Bafulero vs Banyamulenge, Barundi, CNDP vs PARECO, FDC vs FDLR, APCLS vs M23, FDLR vs Raia Mutomboki
Low: 563 High: 1,558

More about sources


NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.


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