a memorial for all wars: the Polynational War Memorial


Mozambique Govt vs RENAMO and FRELIMO

Years: 1977-2016
Battle deaths: 114,514 [1]
Onesided violence: 1,400 [2]

Nation(s) involved and/or conflict territory [note]

Published prior to 2013 | Updated: 2018-08-03 14:32:47
UCDP: "The conflict between the government of Mozambique and RENAMO dates back to late 1976 / early 1977. Following independence from Portugal in 1974, the former liberation movement FRELIMO gained power. Mozambique’s independence threatened the white regimes in both Rhodesia and South Africa, since the new, Marxist, government openly supported ZANU and ANC. FRELIMO’s policy of "socialisation of the countryside" succeeded in antagonising most of the peasantry when collective agriculture was promoted, traditional beliefs and ceremonies were prohibited, tribal kings were stripped of their powers and church-run social projects were closed. Thus, when the white regime in Rhodesia decided to form a counter-revolutionary force, it was able to exploit the disaffection with FRELIMO, which was rampant through much of the countryside. After Zimbabwe’s independence in 1980, sponsorship of RENAMO was taken over by South Africa, who rapidly built up its force in the early 1980s. The movement lacked coherence, however, and did not have any ideology beyond its hostility to FRELIMO."

Source: Uppsala Conflict Data Program (Date of retrieval: ) UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia, Uppsala University


Data Sources

[1] Battle deaths: PRIO Battle Deaths Dataset v3.0 (link) (1946-88) #136 UCDP Battle-Related Deaths Dataset v. 5-2017 (link) (1989-2017) #332
Low: 10,257 High: 156,277

[2] UCDP One-sided Violence Dataset v. 1.4-2014 (1989-2013)(link) including actors: Renamo
Low: 1,400 High: 1,638

More about sources


NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.



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