a memorial for all wars: the Polynational War Memorial


Romanian Revolution

Years: 1989-1989
Battle deaths: 909 [1]

Nation(s) involved and/or conflict territory [note]

Published: 2014-08-25 13:59:51 | Updated: 2014-08-25 14:46:17
Following the Second World War, an authoritarian communist regime was established in Romania. After the death of president Gheorghiu-Dej in 1965, Nicolae Ceausescu came to power. In 1982, he ordered that most of the country's agricultural and industrial production would be exported, in an effort to pay off a large foreign debt that the government had accumulated in the 1970s. The resulting drastic shortages of basic necessities such as food, fuel and medicine drove many Romanians from a state of relative economic well being into poverty and starvation. While the population of the Soviet Union - Romania's powerful neighbour country - gained more freedom under Mikhail Gorbachev in the end of the 1980s, Ceausescu did not change his repressive domestic policy. Finally, in December 1989, protests against Ceausescu's rule and the economic hardships expanded into a rebellion. Government forces used one-sided violence against demonstrators and clashed with the anti-government National Salvation Front. The conflict culminated in the execution of Ceausescu and his wife.

Source: Uppsala Conflict Data Program (Date of retrieval: 2014-08-25) UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia, Uppsala University


Data Sources

[1] Battle deaths: PRIO Battle Deaths Dataset v3.0 (link) (1946-88) ID: #175
Low: 909 High: 1,039

More about sources


NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.



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