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Russo-Ukrainian War

Years: 2014-2022
Battle deaths: 89,846 [1]
Non-state conflict, battle-deaths: 45 [3]
Onesided violence: 1,112 [2]

Nation(s) involved and/or conflict territory [note]
Ukraine, Russia

Published: 2014-12-09 18:31:22 | Updated: 2024-04-05 07:05:08

The Russo-Ukrainian War is an interstate war between Russia and Ukraine.

In early 2014, the Euromaidan protests led to the Revolution of Dignity and the ousting of Ukraine's pro-Russian president Viktor Yanukovych. Shortly after, pro-Russian unrest erupted in eastern and southern Ukraine, while unmarked Russian troops occupied Crimea. Russia soon annexed Crimea after a highly disputed referendum.

Beginning in 2021, Russia built up a large military presence near its border with Ukraine, including within neighbouring Belarus. Russian officials repeatedly denied plans to attack Ukraine. Russian president Vladimir Putin expressed irredentist views and denied Ukraine's right to exist. He criticized the enlargement of NATO and demanded that Ukraine be barred from ever joining the military alliance. Russia recognized the DPR and LPR as independent states.

On 24 February 2022, Putin announced a "special military operation" to "demilitarize and denazify" Ukraine, claiming Russia had no plans to occupy the country. The Russian invasion that followed was internationally condemned; many countries imposed sanctions against Russia and increased existing sanctions. In the face of fierce resistance, Russia abandoned an attempt to take Kyiv in early April. From August, Ukrainian forces began recapturing territories in the north-east and south. In late September, Russia declared the annexation of four partially-occupied regions, which was internationally condemned. Russia spent the winter conducting inconclusive offensives in the Donbas.

In spring 2023, Russia dug into positions ahead of another Ukrainian counteroffensive, which failed to gain significant ground. The war has resulted in a refugee crisis and tens of thousands of deaths.

Source: Wikipedia, published under the GNU FDL. Retrieved 2024-04-05


Data Sources

[1] Battle deaths: UCDP23.1 (1989-2022) #13247 #13246 #13306 #13219 #13243
Low: 65,561 High: 170,085

[2] UCDP One-sided Violence Dataset v. 1.4-2012, 1989-201123.1 including actors: / Government of Russia (Soviet Union)
Low: 657 High: 1,271

[3] UCDP Non-State Conflict Dataset UCDP Non-State Conflict Dataset v. 2.5-2014, 1989-2013 (link)23.1 including dyads: / Supporters of independence for Eastern Ukraine vs Supporters of Ukrainian unity
Low: 45 High: 45

More about sources


NOTE! Nation data for this war may be inconlusive or incomplete. In most cases it reflects which nations were involved with troops in this war, but in some it may instead reflect the contested territory.



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